The furniture is known to be more practical than comfortable, using mainly oak and pine. It is typical of Baroque styles, especially English Restoration and William and Mary, and usually appears in accent tables, highboys, and lowboys with the legs connected by a serpentine stretcher. Styles that inspired Victorian designers include Elizabethan, Rococo, Neoclassical, and more. The Rococo aesthetic first became popular in France in the early- to mid-18. Key designers: Thomas Hope, Thomas Sheraton, and George Smith. What Colors Match Brown Furniture. One of the best ways to identify an antique style is by observing the piece’s legs and feet. early 1950s – mid 1970s) is the characteristic blue-and-silver Ercol label, which is typically small and square. She's written over 400 articles on antique collecting for The Spruce Crafts. Antique Furniture .. Materials: mahogany, walnut, oak, ash, elm, beech, and marble inlay Pair of English Gothic Revival side chairs, 19th century, $200 – $400 via Garth’s Auctioneers & Appraisers. There are six different basic Chippendale style legs. Need some help with identifying antique furniture? Geographic origin: England Jacobean: English style (1640-1700), medieval in appearance with straight lines, rigid designs, sturdy construction, ornate carvings and a dark finish. Manufacturers often reproduce pieces from other eras, and some styles, like Shaker wood furniture, never really go out of fashion. The style, which favored a return to handcrafted artisanship and folk styles of decoration, was strongly influenced by philosophical and artistic developments in Britain. Known in France as the French Empire style, the Regency style coincided with the reign of King George IV of Great Britain. King Charles II ascended to the throne after a period of monarchical upheaval in England, bringing with him French and Dutch Baroque inspiration from his time in exile. Geographic origin: France, Germany, Austria, Britain Found on many late 18th-century and early 19th-century candlestands, tea tables, and other light, portable pieces. $3900 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. View our, 15 British Furniture Styles You Should Know, British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture. Walnut and maple were heavily used, and designs were thinner and more embellished than in previous reigns. Learn to identify antique furniture. This variation dates from the early 18th century and often ends in pad feet. Materials: bamboo, wicker Concerns about the need to return to social and religious conservatism necessitated stylistic changes that not only affected the art and architecture of the period but also drastically altered the appearance of furniture. Rudimentary utilitarian furniture made from local woods. In Scotland, influential figures such as Christopher Dresser contributed to the flowering of the Glasgow style, which incorporated elements of the Celtic Revival into the Arts and Crafts movement. Right: Victorian brass and marble pedestal, sold for €420 via Sheppards on June 27, 2017. Art Nouveau (1890-1910) The thin supports enabling swinging out to expand the table easily. Each piece exemplifies the harmony of utility with the pure classical forms popular in Britain at the time. Learn to identify antique furniture. Geographic origin: England A Guide to Furniture Foot Styles When trying to identify a piece of antique furniture, you may begin with the foot. Geographic origin: England Geographic origin: England Home & Ideas 12,125 views. How to identify Ercol Furniture . Geographic origin: England Late Colonial. The top is often capped with a dome, and the end often terminates in a ball foot, bun foot, or Spanish foot. Picture this: You’ve curated the perfect Pinterest board filled with furniture styles you love but don’t know what to call that style.Our quick guide to traditional furniture styles and contemporary design can help you put a name to your favorites. Jan 19, 2015 - There are many different types of antique chairs, and each has a unique appearance. The reeded leg is often seen in Sheraton designs. For the antiques collector, identifying antique furniture is one of the most. They are sometimes referenced as sabre legs or splayed legs as well. British pieces made in the Neo-Classical style, for example, reveal a keener interest in accurately reconstructing ancient Greek and Roman furniture. Early Colonial 17th century Woods used: Pine; birch, maple, walnut Description: Hybrid of English styles; square lines; solid construction; heavy decoration and carving. The primary distinguishing factor is that Neo-Classical furniture is less strict in its interpretation of ancient models. Lion paws, ball-and-claw and wide padded bottoms are sure indicators that an antique piece of furniture is in the Chippendale style — especially if the wood is dark in color. Materials: stainless steel, walnut, maple, wrought-iron, glass, ivory, mother of pearl. Chippendale style furniture can be a little harder to spot, so I will point out a few of the easiest things to look for. There are over a dozen common furniture foot styles that can help you determine the approximate age and style of a chair, dining table, or chest. How to Identify Stickley Brothers Furniture. Geographic origin: England Double Scroll. This is a type of turned furniture leg, fairly thick with multiple curves, flares upward and outward from a narrow base to actually resemble an upturned trumpet. Rau Antiques. Left: William and Mary Burl Walnut Chest, 17th century at M.S. These are also known as trumpet-turned legs. This is due in large part to the influence of Chinese, Persian, and other Eastern styles, which contributed to the exotic yet refined decoration of Art Nouveau. The importation of mahogany from Central and South America led to its replacing walnut as the primary wood in furniture-making during the Georgian era. To identify the furniture style, you match the specific attributes of your furniture to the attributes shown in the Furniture Styles application. It was developed in the second half of the 17th century and is featured in late Baroque furniture styles such as Restoration and William and Mary. While the two styles have much in common, like an interest in organic forms and handmade artisanship, Art Nouveau was considered more luxurious and decorative. Furthermore, each piece was made so it would fit seamlessly within any interior space devoted to the Regency style. Identifying Antique Furniture Foot Styles, 5 Revival Furniture Styles Popular With Victorians, 11 Antique Couch, Sofa, and Settee Styles, Overview of the Chippendale Furniture Style, How to Identify Sheraton Style Antique Furniture, What Rococo Means in Relation to Antique Furniture, All About Antique Fainting Couches and Daybeds, How to Identify and Price Chippendale Furniture. In London, the popularity of the Liberty Department, which made shopping for furniture appealing and accessible to consumers, reflected growing demands to fill entire interiors with Art Nouveau pieces. Close examination of the furniture’s construction can indicate if it’s a real antique. Right: Shapland & Petter, Barnstaple, Arts & Crafts mahogany open bookcase, circa 1905, sold for £10,000 via Lyon & Turnbull on October 26, 2016. British pieces are typically more “natural-looking” than French pieces, although British furniture designers, most notably Thomas Johnson, found ways to balance the public’s taste for utility-minded construction with twisting, organic forms. This era of design began when King James I inherited the crown of England from Queen Elizabeth and resulted in large, boxy furniture meant to last several generations. A good place to start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it's from. Unfortunately, identifying the style of a piece of furniture won't help you determine if it's an antique. Materials: mahogany, carved wood, wood veneers, paint, and metal inlay And that can help you surround yourself with even more of what you love. Right: Edwardian Hepplewhite style sofa, circa 1910, on offer for $2,400 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture. Dating from antiquity—examples have been found on Greek klismos chairs—it underwent a revival among late 18th-century designers such as Sheraton and flourished in Regency and Empire furniture. Concerns about the need to return to social and religious conservatism necessitated stylistic changes that not only affected the art and architecture of the period but also drastically altered the appearance of furniture. Geographic origin: France, Britain Left: Inlaid Arts & Crafts mahogany bookcase cabinet, circa 1900, sold for £2,375 via Lyon & Turnbull on October 26, 2016. Some of the most popular furniture, like those known as Art Deco or Mid-Century Modern, aren't considered antiques at all. The catalogues also provide a fascinating insight into changes over the decades in style … Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18. centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. Direct Identification Methods The rebirth of the Gothic style coincided with the resurgence of traditional Anglo-Catholic beliefs between the mid-1700s and late 19th century. The contributions of John Ruskin and William Morris in particular were paramount and led to a greater appreciation for manual construction and the creative act of design. While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533, this style of furniture is broadly defined as being created during the Renaissance. Tables, chairs, dressers, and other pieces were carved with shapes resembling pointed arches and rose windows. Make sure the piece is in proportion. While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533,… Right: William and Mary walnut armchair, sold via Sotheby’s for $1,500 on October 17, 2015. While the two styles have much in common, like an interest in organic forms and handmade artisanship, Art Nouveau was considered more luxurious and decorative. Furniture legs can provide clues to when a piece was manufactured, especially when considering how they are used in conjunction with foot styles . It was revived yet again in the mid-19th century and used on many Victorian furniture pieces. Nonetheless, there is a wide variety available in today’s market, making British furniture a coveted, customizable addition to virtually any interior space. Furniture legs can provide clues to when a piece was manufactured, especially when considering how they are used in conjunction with foot styles. While it encompassed many styles and designers (including the Arts & Crafts movement), Victorian furniture was often heavy and big. Decorative elements, such as floral details, finials, heraldic motifs, and linenfold designs, frequently adorned the objects’ surfaces. MODERN. An antique, by the definition set forth by the United States Customs Service, is something at least 100 years old or more. Establish value: Many collectors prefer particular eras, styles, and makers, while .. of saving. Along with a new ruler, the Edwardian era ushered in new trends in design. Spider legs can also be slim, straight legs found on gatefold tables. Check for a signature or label from the furniture maker. Its elaborate decoration encourages viewers to gaze upon Rococo furniture with wandering eyes, reveling in the seemingly unbridled patterns adorning the objects. Identify what kind of wood your desk is. Popular British furniture movements and their approximate date ranges include: The name for this style is derived from the French word “rocaille,” meaning “shell” or “rock;” indeed, rock and broken shell motifs are defining features of the style. These legs are typical of mid-18th century English and American furniture and are often featured in later Chippendale styles, especially chairs, tables (as shown here), sofas, and bedsteads. The first aspect is the joinery; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about 1860. Geographic origin: Japan, Britain, mainland Europe, North America Despite international influences, furniture pieces produced in Britain have always stood apart from their counterparts made in mainland Europe, North America, and Asia. Pugin, John Ruskin, and William Burges. The Marlborough leg typically terminates in a block foot, though can be footless as well. Key designers: Thomas Sheraton. Geographic origin: England It is similar to a reeded leg, except that fluted channels are concave (compared to convex or raised). These are usually found on a chair, stool, or sofa. Elizabethan Oak Withdrawing Table, late 16th/early 17th century, sold via Skinner for $6,150 on July 18, 2015. Explore hundreds of examples from centuries past, available from Susan Silver Antiques, Spurgeon Lewis Antiques, Nicolo Melissa Antiques, and more. The Arts and Crafts style was an international movement that pushed against the heavy industrialization of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. If the label is instead a circular gold print, this likely indicates that it is from the late 1970s – early 1990s. This term extends to design under Kings George I, George II, and George III. With a sense of simplicity, modern furniture style is defined by clean and crisp lines, a … The evolution of the style is visible in the details of Gothic Revival objects – earlier pieces are more whimsical and delicate, whereas later examples are more boldly carved and colorful. If you have an old piece of ercol furniture that you wish to identify, then here is the ideal place to look. American Empire furniture legs often end in brass, claw-shaped feet. Significant Furniture Design Periods. Materials: painted and gilded wood, marble inlay What Paint Finish For Furniture 7 painted furniture trends: Trending Painting Techniques. Materials: oak, pine, porcelain, mother-of-pearl. Home Decor. The fluted leg was modeled after ancient Greek columns, and it flourished in the Neoclassical styles of the second half of the 18th century such as Hepplewhite along with 19th-century Classical Revival styles. British designers (Robert Adam, for example) often looked to contemporary developments in Paris and Rome when creating furniture pieces for British consumers. Inspired by recent discoveries of ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian artifacts, Regency furniture is characterized by a strict interpretation of archaeological finds, or “pure forms.” Defining features of Regency furniture include flat surfaces, delicately painted and/or veneered wood, metal inlay, and classicizing motifs like rosettes, lion masks, and metal paw feet. Both types of spider legs remain enduringly popular to the present. Geographic origin: Britain, mainland Europe, United States Materials: mahogany Geographic origin: England. The Arts and Crafts style was an international movement that pushed against the heavy industrialization of the late 19. centuries. Once you have finished, the App matches the selected attributes to their usage in nineteen historical furniture styles. The popularity of reeded legs surpassed those of fluted legs as the 18th century gave way to the 19th century. Whether it's worth saving depends on its style and construction. Geographic origin: England Queen Victoria reigned for 63 years, during which time the Industrial Revolution enabled furniture-makers to produce furniture for the growing middle class championed by the Queen. Developments closer to England also played an important role, with Irish furniture makers emphasizing the significance of sophisticated, hand-carved designs. When it comes to antique furniture, style is a good indication of the era the piece is from. Tables, chairs, dressers, and other pieces were carved with shapes resembling pointed arches and rose windows. Left: Queen Anne walnut side chair, English, early 18th century, $300 – $500 via Freeman’s on July 12, 2017. This is a straight, square, substantial furniture leg that is usually plain, but sometimes has fluted carving. How to Identify Duncan Phyfe Furniture. Key designers: John Ruskin, William Morris, Philip Webb, Arthur Mackmurdo, and Christopher Dresser. developed in Europe alongside the Arts & Crafts movement. There are several things to look for when examining a piece of furniture that help to identify it as an antique. Like its art, Rococo furniture was influenced by nature and characterized by playful designs including acanthus leaves, S- and C-scrolls, and decorative borders. Younger than that is usually termed "vintage" or " collectible." This is due in large part to the influence of Chinese, Persian, and other Eastern styles, which contributed to the exotic yet refined decoration of Art Nouveau. Learn more about a number of different examples of leg styles developed in both Europe and the United States from the Renaissance period to the Empire period. Get the latest stories, price guides and exclusive content delivered straight to your inbox. Sprial legs are sometimes referenced as spiral-twist or barley-twist (especially in England). William of Orange appreciated French design, and its influence is felt in the decoration of the furniture. Furniture. Explore. Furniture styles can be determined by careful study and remembering what design elements each one embraces. It was also used in the work of Gerrit Jensen who designed pieces for King Charles II. Left: Art Nouveau carved fruitwood fire surround, sold for $30,000 via Sotheby’s on December 14, 2016. Spool turned legs, which look like rounded spools stacked one on top of another, are indicative of Gothic Revival style. Cabriole refers to a popular furniture leg with the knee curving outward and the ankle curving inward terminating in an ornamental foot. Art Deco began in Paris in the 1920s and quickly spread across Europe. 18th century See more ideas about furniture styles, furniture, how to antique wood. English Art Deco sideboard, sold for €300 via Marques dos Santos on April 9, 2014. Left: A Regency parcel gilt side table, circa 1825, sold for £3,844 via Dreweatts & Bloomsbury on July 7, 2015. Materials: dark woods, velvet and leather upholstery Art Nouveau developed in Europe alongside the Arts & Crafts movement. The name for this style is derived from the French word “rocaille,” meaning “shell” or “rock;” indeed, rock and broken shell motifs are defining features of the style. Key designers: Hubert Gravelot, Thomas Johnson, and Paul de Lamerie. The double scroll is identified by the rolled the two “rolled” design elements on the leg. Right: Pair of Rococo carved walnut fauteuils, late 18th/early 18th century, $500 – $1,000 via Butterscotch Auction Gallery on July 16, 2017. How To Identify Different Styles Of Antique Furniture. Left: Edwardian eight-light chandelier, circa 1900, on offer for $1,500 via Spurgeon Lewis Antiques. Elizabethan Oak Withdrawing Table, late 16th/early 17th century, 17th century Carolean Carved Walnut Ceremonial Chair, Queen Anne walnut side chair, English, early 18th century, A matched pair of Georgian mahogany 3 tier dumb waiters, circa 1790, George III Rococo pierced giltwood girandole mirror, Pair of English Gothic Revival side chairs, Neo-Classical console in hazelnut and mahogany, Inlaid Arts & Crafts mahogany bookcase cabinet, Shapland & Petter, Barnstaple, Arts & Crafts mahogany open bookcase, Art Nouveau carved fruitwood fire surround, Art Nouveau period mahogany and marquetry leaded glass paneled display cabinet, Styling Outdoor Spaces with Designer Stephen Block, Why Playfulness and Practicality Rule for this L.A. Use this guide to learn how to identify the different styles. The following criteria will help you determine if your old furniture is an American-made antique. To help understand what defines each period, here are some of the major design elements for each period. Geographic origin: Britain, United States Materials: walnut, poplar, cherry, maple. A matched pair of Georgian mahogany 3 tier dumb waiters, circa 1790, sold via Gormleys Auctions for £650 on June 12, 2012. Furniture made in this style varies significantly, although common features include elongated and curvy lines, stylized flowers and other organic forms, dark woods, and eye-catching decorative materials, such as semi-precious stones, stained glass, reflective shells, and gold leaf. Article from mandmsq.hubpages.com. William and Mary, 1690-1730: The style is named for the English King William of Orange and his consort, Mary. Its use in England was limited but notable, as the style’s distinct geometrical lines and decorative flourishes make pieces immediately recognizable. What are the Different Types of Furniture Styles - Duration: 1:46. Early American: Modelled after European furniture styles (1640-1700), particularly from England, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Spain. Antiques Hunter 6,232 views. Left: Victorian armchair, $675 via The Antique and Artisan Gallery. Links within each description lead to more information on styles, periods, and types of antique furniture. This extremely old style of furniture leg resembles a twisted rope. One key characteristic of the furniture is heavy ornamentation, especially on tables and four poster beds. Key designers: Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Arthur Mackmurdo, Aubrey Beardsley, Archibald Knox, and Arthur Silver. In general, British designers and furniture makers stressed the importance of interpreting each style “correctly” and with an eye to balanced proportion and harmony. ... Ways to Identify Genuine Antique Wood Furniture - Duration: 4:05. Identifying a Duncan Phyfe furniture piece is a challenge, even for antique furniture experts. British furniture is widely collected today for its elegant appearance and important ties to British history, culture, and taste. They flourished in the later Neoclassical, Regency, and Empire styles that developed around the turn of the 19th century. How to Identify Antique Furniture. Materials: walnut, rosewood, mahogany, velvet Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. These are also referenced as double scroll legs and S-scroll leg (a variation is when the section between the scrolls is curved). It continued to be lighter and more designed than previous eras, featuring curved shapes, cabriole legs, cushioned seats, and padded feet, but ornamentation is minimal. Right: Queen Anne lowboy, 18h century, $400 – $700 via DuMouchelles on July 16, 2017. They typically end in spade feet or no feet. Arts and Craft style furniture is also referred to as Mission. Some versions are slightly tapered. Below, explore some of the most popular British furniture styles and movements, from the 16th to 20th centuries. Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. When used with Chippendale furniture, the cabriole leg commonly terminates with a ball and claw foot. Key designers: William Morris, Augustus Pugin, Christopher Dresser. They were often made to complement a Neo-Classical interior space, resulting in an overarching aesthetic marked by clean lines, elegant forms, and sophisticated details reminiscent of ancient splendor. You must click the picture to see the large or full size image. Looking for more antique furniture? British furniture made in the Arts and Crafts style typically featured rectilinear and angular forms and pared down, stylized motifs evocative of medieval, Islamic, and Japanese design. Pamela is an antique expert and the author of three books on the subject. Update your email preferences at any time. Early 17th-century furniture typically featured bun- or ball-style feet. As with any period, do not feel a compulsion to create a replica of those times from the architecture to the furnishings to the landscaping.You can, if you feel compelled, but a lot of homeowners just starting out feel intimidated when tackling a style they love. Mar 20, 2018 - Explore Nancy Cuje's board "Furniture Styles & Identification" on Pinterest. Furniture of the period was decorated with floral marquetry, walnut, and velvet upholstery and included carvings and gilding. Materials: dark woods, stained glass, abalone, varnishes and veneers For perspective, more than 300 cabinetmakers crafted Phyfe-style furniture in the period from 1810 to 1820. How to Determine the Style of Your Antique Furniture Identifying Genuine Antiques. Geographic origin: France, Britain, Italy, United States Finding an antique piece of Stickley furniture today is akin to winning the lottery. There are several ways you can identify an antique furniture item. Key designers: Sir William Chambers, James Stuart, Robert Adam, George Hepplewhite, and Thomas Sheraton. Furniture Leg Glossary. These legs are especially characteristic of Restoration and William and Mary furniture, but they enjoyed a comeback 100 years later in late Empire and Federal pieces. Key designers: A.W.N. In addition to hearkening back to the religiosity and traditionalism of the Middle Ages, furniture made in the Gothic Revival style also fed into nostalgic ideas about the romance and chivalry of medieval Britain. Left: George III Rococo pierced giltwood girandole mirror, sold for $6,000 via Ahlers & Ogletree on June 26, 2016. These are the lion’s paw, the ball and claw, and the club, based on the cabriole shape which is an elegant, serpentine style ending in a distinctive foot. The task of identifying French furniture that’s often two hundred years old can be daunting though. Spider legs are delicate, thin curved legs, usually extending below a round table top in a group of three or four. British Neo-Classical furniture is similar to Regency furniture, as both styles rely heavily upon influences from ancient Greece and Rome. If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look carefully where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. These are similar to fluted legs, except that the reeds are convex (as opposed to concave). Identify furniture styles, Furniture styles vary widely political activity heavily influenced early mid century style seen two dominant french american empire victorian reigned over last half. Key designers: Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, Robert Adam. The ability to determine the age of antique furniture is a great skill.. Materials: oak, walnut, porcelain. The Rococo aesthetic first became popular in France in the early- to mid-18th century, during which time there was a push toward asymmetrical, free-flowing designs. Look at the piece’s feet. Left: Jacobean style needlepoint armchair, sold via Pook and Pook for $213 on September 13, 2012. The rebirth of the Gothic style coincided with the resurgence of traditional Anglo-Catholic beliefs between the mid-1700s and late 19. century. The contributions of John Ruskin and William Morris in particular were paramount and led to a greater appreciation for manual construction and the creative act of design. May 1, 2014 - When you want to refinish old wooden furniture, the best place to look is the family attic, basement, or garage. This type of furniture leg, in which a series of rounded ridges or grooves are carved vertically at regular intervals, is modeled after ancient Greek and Roman motifs. How to Furnish in Mid-Century Modern Style . On the other hand, British Rococo pieces represent a concerted attempt to produce less extravagant forms than those found in movement furniture from France or Italy. Right: Set of four Regency chairs, circa 1815. Around this time, furniture emerged from the Gothic era and slowly transformed to include classical influences. The feet of Chippendale furniture ordinarily showcase a handful of feet styles, but they are often bulbous in design when compared to the style of the furniture’s legs. The style, which favored a return to handcrafted artisanship and folk styles of decoration, was strongly influenced by philosophical and artistic developments in Britain. Always useful to know the name of the leg instead of saying….’yeah, i like the piece with the thingamajiggy leg!’ Also known as “Early Baroque” furniture, this was the era in which the daybed and writing desk were both invented. Crafted Phyfe-style furniture in the early- to mid-18 Cuje 's board `` styles. Edwardian Hepplewhite style sofa, circa 1670, offered via Sheppards on September 1, 2015 - there several! Motifs, and more embellished than in previous reigns see more ideas about furniture styles application it would fit within..., velvet Key designers: William Morris, Augustus Pugin, Christopher Dresser from ancient Greece and.! And slowly transformed to include classical influences Neoclassical, Regency, and has. In new trends in design Spruce up your space $ 700 via DuMouchelles on July 16, 2017 the foot... An old piece of furniture leg style and construction legs and feet Finish for 7... Table easily on Pinterest identifying antique furniture if you have an old of. 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Art Deco sideboard, sold for €420 via Sheppards on June 28, 2016 of mass production this of., 2015 €280 – €380 via Renascimento on July 11, 2017 foot. Legs found on a chair, circa 1900, on offer for $ 1,500 October. Its influence is felt in the decoration of the most are also referenced as sabre or... And their names to Regency furniture, you may begin with the resurgence of Anglo-Catholic... Queen Anne and Chippendale styles of antique chairs, dressers, and velvet upholstery included. Must click the picture to see the large or full size image of...